Green Week EU – Semana Verde Unión Europea

Entre el 3 y el 5 de Junio tuvo lugar en Bruselas la Semana Verde de Europa, una serie de conferencias y talleres enfocados en la conservación y la biodiversidad.

Uno de los debates que se trató con más fuerza es la revisión de las principales normas europeas relacionadas con la Conservación de la Naturaleza: la Directiva de Aves y la Directiva de Hábitats, que son un importante precedente internacional en este ámbito.

En el curso de las discusiones de formaron dos corrientes bastante marcadas para abordar el tema: por un lado, las asociaciones no gubernamentales que abogan por una mejor implementación de las directivas antes que una revisión de las normas, y por el otro, algunas voces de los sectores productivos y gubernamentales, que llaman a la apertura a nuevas formas de incorporar la protección de la biodiversidad en el desarrollo sostenible, incluyendo enfoques de mercado y la incorporación de actores no estatales.

Todo esto en un marco de claro declive de la biodiversidad europea, donde el 77% de los hábitats y el 60% de las especies se encuentran en una situación “desfavorable”, producto de la intensificación de la agricultura (y sus practicas derivadas, como el uso de pesticidas y los monocultivos) una de las primeras causas de este declive, junto con una débil implementación de la legislación europea.

(Español) Se deroga la creación del Parque Nacional Salar del Huasco

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(Español) Congreso da luz verde a proyecto de ley de biodiversidad y áreas protegidas

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(Español) Científicos y Conaf se unen para conservar la taruka, el desconocido ciervo del norte

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(Español) IUCN World Parks Congress finaliza en compromiso para reforzar esfuerzos para la Conservación

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(Español) Estudio revela que 8 países concentran el deterioro de la biodiversidad mundial

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The true raw material footprint of nations

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The amount of raw materials needed to sustain the economies of developed countries is significantly greater than presently used indicators suggest, a new Australian study has revealed.

Using a new modelling tool and more comprehensive indicators, researchers were able to map the flow of raw materials across the world economy with unprecedented accuracy to determine the true “material footprint” of 186 countries over a two-decade period (from 1990 to 2008).

The study, involving researchers from the University of New South Wales, CSIRO, the University of Sydney, and the University of California, Santa Barbara, was published today in the US journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. It reveals that the decoupling of natural resources from economic growth has been exaggerated.

The results confirm that pressures on raw materials do not necessarily decline as affluence grows and demonstrates the need for policy-makers to consider new accounting methods that more accurately track resource consumption.

“Humanity is using raw materials at a level never seen before with far-reaching environmental impacts on biodiversity, land use, climate and water,” says lead author Tommy Wiedmann, Associate Professor of Sustainability Research at the UNSW School of Civil and Environmental Engineering. “By relying on current indicators, governments are not able to see the true extent of resource consumption.”

Chile is one of the countries included in the study showing high footprint compared to other countries. Specially, the largest per-capita exporters of embodied primary materials – in particular metal ores – are Australia and Chile.

Study places Chile among the 10 countries that invest the least in biodiversity

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Chile should invest  at least $ 55 million more in protection per year. The Ministry of Environment recognizes lack of resources, particularly for marine protected areas.

With about 14 million hectares of protected areas, divided into parks, reserves and national monuments, Chile is one of the countries that invest the least in biodiversity. This was revealed by a comprehensive study, which made a statistic comparison of 124 countries, where Chile is among the 10 worst rated (ninth).

The report, prepared by an international team of researchers from the University of Georgia, Michigan and Brown, United States, U. Simon Fraser, Canada, U. College of London, United Kingdom, and the U. Santa Cruz State, in Brazil, considered six global databases on protected areas, species distribution, GDP, and conservation costs and expenses, among others.

Anthony Waldron, a researcher at the U. of Georgia and the State of Santa Cruz, says the UNDP report released in 2010 indicates that Chile spends just over 60 cents per hectare in its protected areas, about 325 Chilean pesos, well below the average for Latin America and the Caribbean, which was about $ 1.95, and with the expense of Argentina (U.S. $ 8.56) or from poorer countries such as Guatemala, Nicaragua and Honduras, who spent three to four dollars per hectare.